Try as much as we can but we cannot run away from illnesses and the various viruses and bacteria lurking around. As the pollution increases as well as new resistant strains of microorganisms are found we cannot stay immune to common illnesses for long. In a way an occasional bout of seasonal illnesses makes our immune system stronger to fight against diseases. A visit to a doctor during illnesses is a must instead of relying on self prescriptions as the doctors and various specialists are trained to identify seemingly same symptoms and ascertain the exact cause of the illness.
Most of us tend to deter visiting a specialist out of fear but specialists are more experienced in treating specific illnesses and can diagnose the problem area more accurately. Thus, one must not shy away from visiting specialist healthcare professionals, such as an ear nose and throat specialist, and if you are still apprehensive you can read up what to expect at a specialist’s clinic to avoid jitters.
An ear nose and throat specialist, also known as an otolaryngologist, is trained to treat patients suffering from disorders and diseases of the ear, nose, throat, neck and head. These could include disorders such as ear infections, trouble with hearing, nerve pain, tinnitus or noise in the ear, cranial and facial nerve disorders, various allergies, difficulty breathing through the nose, disorders of the voice box, upper aero digestive tract disorders as well as swallowing disorders.
Sometimes ENT specialists are even trained for surgical treatments including those of the head and neck area which could be malignant or benign tumours, deformities of the face, trauma to the face and various reconstructive and plastic surgeries. An ENT specialist can be visited for any of these disorders.
An ENT specialist has special equipments to examine the ear, nose and throat. To examine the ears and the eardrums an otoscope is used which is a handheld device that has a light source at one end as well as magnification to help visualise the pathology and landmarks. For the examination of the nose the doctors usually use a speculum and to illuminate the nasal canal a light source such as a headlight is employed.
In cases after any nose surgery, a flexible or rigid endoscope is used to examine within the nose. For examination of the throat an external examination is usually carried out in which the glands are felt as well as different areas of the neck to check the normal pathology. A tongue depressor is used to examine the oral cavity and flexible nasolaryngoscope is often used to check the voice box as well as the back of the nose. These examination techniques might ease all fears before visiting an ENT doctor.